Salford is one of the world's first industrial cities, covering 37sq miles at the heart of the Greater Manchester conurbation.
The city sits next to Manchester city centre, separated by the River Irwell. It has been the home of a number of pioneering social developments; Salford is the home of the world's first free public library, it was the birthplace of the modern vegetarian movement and features the first street to be lit by artificial light - Chapel Street in 1806. The first horse-drawn bus service ran between Pendleton and Manchester in 1824, and some of the world's first municipal parks are in Salford.
Today, Salford is well known for its cultural institutions and regeneration initiatives. An area known as Salford Quays is home to The Lowry, a facility dedicated to the famous Salford-born painter L. S. Lowry, as well as numerous commercial developments that have reversed the fortunes of what was a rundown dockyard.